Read

Search form

Longshore Struggle Brews on East Coast

Longshore Struggle Brews on East Coast
Mon, 1/7/2013 - by Mark Vorpahl

It's a familiar pattern: those on top of the economic ladder enjoy massive profits while expecting workers to sacrifice even more for the "greater good."

This storyline weaves itself into every justification for anti-worker policies. From Washington's potential Grand Bargain that would cut trillions from needed social programs, to the workplaces with their stagnating wages and declining benefits, those on top plead poverty to workers while stuffing their pockets beyond belief.

The argument is also currently being repeated by the giant multinational corporations that control the nation's shipping ports.

Fortunately, the longshore workers are organized into powerful unions that have the ability to fight back against big business greed - something that was recently demonstrated at the port strikes in Los Angles and Long Beach, and which is now underway in the union negotiations happening at ports along the East Coast and at the ports in the Northwest.

Victory in Southern California

An impressive victory was achieved in Los Angeles last month as a result of an eight-day strike by the 800 members of the Office Clerical Unit of the International Longshore and Warehouse Union (ILWU) Local 63.

For two years the workers had been without a contract as a result of stalling by the Harbor Employer Association. The main issue on the table was job security: the employers were hiring more nonunion superintendents through attrition, outsourcing work to nonunion contractors elsewhere in the U.S. and overseas, and finding ways to get fewer employees to perform more work. The members of ILWU Local 63 wanted to put a halt to this not only to preserve their own jobs, but to have these jobs available for future generations.

After two years at the bargaining table, it became clear that the Harbor Employer Association was unwilling to move on the union's issues. The membership was left with no choice but to strike. And it was Longshore solidarity that won the day.

Ten thousand dockworkers refused to cross Local 63's picket line, leaving 10 of the 14 ports at Los Angeles and Long Beach at a standstill and $760 million a day of merchandise untouched.

The strike made the impact it needed to; suddenly, the Harbor Employer Association discovered that they were able to make more movement on the union's demands in a few days than they had for the previous two years.

After eight days on strike, a tentative agreement was reached and later ratified by membership vote. The Harbor Employer Association's attempts to outsource, at the cost of future working class jobs, hit an unmovable obstacle, resulting in a victory that demonstrates how taking collective action to shut down production can win.

Developments on the East Coast

On the East Coast, a different Longshore union is facing its own difficulties. The International Longshoremen’s Association (ILA) represents 15,000 union dockworkers at 14 ports from Maine to Texas. These ports handle 40 percent of all U.S. container cargo. The ILA is in negotiations with the United States Maritime Alliance Ltd. (USMX), an alliance of container carriers, direct employers, and port associates.

It has been 35 years since the ILA went out on strike. And at the end of December, it looked likely that this stretch was up. Dec. 29 was the final day of extended contract negotiations and the membership was ready to grab their picket signs.

The main point of contention was container royalties, a decades-old fee of $4.85 per ton of container cargo paid to the ILA membership. This is a significant amount of income that the workers take in. USMX insisted on reinstating a cap on this fee that the ILA had successfully fought to remove in the last two-year contract.

In an e-mail an ILA spokesman said the following:

"We let USMX defer $42 million of container royalty money to help pay for the $1.00 an hour increase that was due longshore workers — we, in essence, paid for our own raise —and now USMX wants the CAP back on. They got the benefit and now they want us to go backwards."

On Dec. 28, ILA President Harold J. Daggett sent out a public announcement stating:

"I am pleased to announce that the ILA made major gains on the Container Royalty issue that will protect our ILA members. Consequently, we agreed to extend the ILA Master Contract by 30 days, beyond the December 29th deadline (because of the year-end holidays, the deadline of the new extension will be February 6, 2013)."

What these major gains are remains unclear, and George Cohen, director of the Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service is demanding that all parties keep their lips tight for now. Consequently, there is no telling how the next few weeks of negotiations will go.

The ILA membership does not have any reason to stand down from strike preparations. The moment for decision will come when the membership has a tentative agreement in their hands and has a chance to read the fine print, collectively discuss it and vote.

The only certainty is that they are more likely to get a good contract and avoid a strike if they are prepared to go on a strike that will choke USMX's profit flow off.

Add new comment

Sign Up

Article Tabs

Bernie Sanders, Berning of America, Occupy movement, political revolution

What’s happening in America right now doesn’t come as a surprise to those who have been trying to shed light on so many social injustices our country is facing.

Dan Price became a media sensation when he announced that the minimum wage at his company, Gravity Payments, would rise to $70,000 a year, but Forbes unearthed fraud on a massive scale.

According to records obtained by New York Civil Liberties Union, the country's most powerful police force tracks cellphones using "stingrays," which have no guiding legal policy.

Wikileaks, Julian Assange, Ecuadorian embassy, political persecution

The WikiLeaks founder has been arbitrarily detained by the U.K. and Sweden for more than five years and should be released immediately with compensation, according to a Geneva-based UN working group on arbitrary detention.

Keystone XL pipeline, tar sands, bitumen, carbon emissions, TransCanada, Enbridge, Stephen Harper, Energy East pipeline, TransMountain pipeline, Northern Gateway, Warren Buffet, First Nations

A major obstacle facing new oil transport projects is the strong resistance from Canada’s indigenous First Nations, who own or claim much of the land that the proposed pipelines would cross.

U.K. housing prices, soaring home prices, soaring rent costs, Eviction Resistance, housing bubble mortgage-backed securities, Great Recession, rising homelessness

Housing prices in London have risen by 50% in the last five years – and when the UK property bubble goes boom, it will be proportionally bigger than the U.S. housing bust at the onset of the financial crisis in 2007.

Posted 5 days 3 hours ago
income inequality, wealth inequality, rigged economy, economy of the 1%

Economic inequality inspired Occupy Wall Street, which transformed our political discourse with the concept of the “1 percent” and the “99 percent,” and today the presidential candidacy of Bernie Sanders is altering the political landscape.

Posted 2 days 3 hours ago
Paris climate accord, COP21, carbon emissions, 2 degrees C, emissions reductions, renewable energy transition, renewable energy investments, clean energy investments, solar power, wind power, fossil fuel divestment

Changing the way the world is powered means big spending – and huge investment opportunities – with energy finance models suggesting clean power investments need to rise by an additional 75 percent, to $12.1 trillion, in the next 25 years.

Posted 4 days 1 hour ago

We need a guaranteed income to ensure that the benefits of 60 years of U.S. prosperity go to all Americans – not just to the few who know how to redistribute the nation’s wealth.

Posted 2 days 23 hours ago
Wikileaks, Julian Assange, Ecuadorian embassy, political persecution

The WikiLeaks founder has been arbitrarily detained by the U.K. and Sweden for more than five years and should be released immediately with compensation, according to a Geneva-based UN working group on arbitrary detention.

Posted 2 days 3 hours ago

We need a guaranteed income to ensure that the benefits of 60 years of U.S. prosperity go to all Americans – not just to the few who know how to redistribute the nation’s wealth.

Paris climate accord, COP21, carbon emissions, 2 degrees C, emissions reductions, renewable energy transition, renewable energy investments, clean energy investments, solar power, wind power, fossil fuel divestment

Changing the way the world is powered means big spending – and huge investment opportunities – with energy finance models suggesting clean power investments need to rise by an additional 75 percent, to $12.1 trillion, in the next 25 years.

Chinese monetary policy, Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, Chinese currency, Chinese currency manipulation, Special Drawing Rights, rising dollar

If war and hostilities between the great powers are to be avoided, the future of global capitalism may well rely on a combination of Western markets and institutions backed up by totalitarian institutions like the regime in Beijing.

income inequality, wealth inequality, rigged economy, economy of the 1%

Economic inequality inspired Occupy Wall Street, which transformed our political discourse with the concept of the “1 percent” and the “99 percent,” and today the presidential candidacy of Bernie Sanders is altering the political landscape.

Few police shootings of Latinos make national headlines – a lack of attention and outrage that stems from a poor understanding of the history of state violence against them in the U.S.